Duration: 52 minutes, 8 seconds

Author: Dr. Glenn van As

Lasers in Contemporary Implant Dentistry Part 1

Lasers in Contemporary Implant Dentistry Part 1

The Basic Physics and Science Behind Lasers


Laser technology has revolutionized the field of dentistry, particularly in implant and aesthetic dentistry. In this lecture, a seasoned general dentist with 15-16 years of experience in using lasers will delve into the topic of lasers in contemporary implant and aesthetic dentistry. Let’s explore the basic physics and science behind lasers, including their history and components.

1. Understanding the History of Lasers

The Origins:

Lasers, which stands for “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation,” were first introduced in the 1960s. They were initially used in scientific research, but quickly found their way into various industries, including medicine and dentistry.

2. Components of Lasers

The Laser System:

A laser system consists of several essential components, including a laser medium, an energy source, and an optical resonator. The laser medium determines the type of laser, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) or erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG). The energy source, usually an electrical energy input, provides the power to stimulate the laser medium, and the optical resonator enhances the coherence of the laser beam.

3. Fiber Delivery System

Transmission of Laser Energy:

In contemporary implant dentistry, lasers are often introduced to the surgical site through a fiber made of quartz or a similar material. This fiber delivery system allows precise control and accessibility to target areas. The fiber delivers the laser energy and ensures minimal discomfort for patients during the procedure.

4. Interactions of Laser Energy with Tissues

Reflect, Absorb, Scatter, or Transmit:

Once the laser energy reaches the surgical site, it interacts with the tissues in various ways. It can reflect off the tissue surface, be absorbed by pigmented or chromophoric components, scatter within the tissue, or transmit through transparent tissues. Understanding these interactions is crucial for safe and effective laser use in implant dentistry.


To conclude, lasers have become an indispensable tool in contemporary implant dentistry. Their precise and minimally invasive nature, backed by the basic physics and science discussed in this lecture, make them a valuable asset for dentists seeking optimal outcomes in both aesthetic and implant dentistry procedures.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Are lasers safe to use in dental implant procedures?

Ans: Yes, when used properly by experienced professionals, lasers are safe for dental implant procedures. The precise control they offer minimizes the risk of damage to surrounding tissues.

2. Can lasers be used in all types of implant surgeries?

Ans: Lasers can be utilized in various implant surgeries, including uncovering implant cover screws, managing gingival tissues, and enhancing post-operative healing.

3. Do lasers increase the success rate of implant procedures?

Ans: While lasers can contribute to the success of implant procedures by minimizing complications and promoting faster healing, the overall success rate depends on various factors, including patient-specific considerations and proper treatment planning.

4. Are there any side effects or risks associated with using lasers in dentistry?

Ans: When used correctly, lasers in dentistry have minimal side effects and risks. However, it is crucial to follow appropriate safety protocols and utilize proper protective measures to ensure patient safety.

5. Can lasers be used for aesthetic dentistry procedures?

Ans: Absolutely! Lasers have proven to be invaluable in various aesthetic dentistry procedures, such as gum contouring, teeth whitening, and smile makeovers.

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