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Duration: 57 minutes, 7 seconds

Author: Dr. Lorenzo Tavelli

Minimally Invasive Treatment of Gingival Recessions

Minimally Invasive Treatment of Gingival Recessions

Gingival Recessions: A Common Condition

Gingival recessions are a prevalent dental condition where the tooth roots become exposed. This occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth recedes or pulls back, revealing the sensitive root surface beneath.

The Prevalence of Gingival Recessions

Studies in the Brazilian population have shown that nearly 100% of individuals experience some degree of gingival recession. This condition affects people of all ages and can be a cause for concern if left untreated.

Consequences of Untreated Gingival Recession

If left untreated, gingival recession can worsen over time. The exposed root surface is more susceptible to damage, including tooth decay, tooth sensitivity, and root surface abrasion. It can also lead to aesthetic concerns, as the recession may result in an uneven gum line and make the teeth appear longer than normal.

Contributing Factors to Gingival Recession

Traumatic brushing and flossing techniques can contribute to the development of gingival recessions. Aggressive scrubbing or using a sawing motion with toothbrush bristles can damage the delicate gum tissue, causing it to recede.

In addition, inadequate keratinized tissue and sub-optimal soft tissue thickness can also play a role in gingival recession. Keratinized tissue acts as a protective barrier for the gums, and its deficiency can make the gums more vulnerable to recession. Similarly, insufficient soft tissue thickness may not provide adequate support to prevent recession.

Minimally Invasive Treatment Options

Modern dentistry offers several minimally invasive treatment options for gingival recessions. These techniques aim to restore the gum tissue to its original position, covering the exposed root surface and improving both function and aesthetics.

Gingival Grafting

Gingival grafting, also known as gum grafting, is a common surgical procedure used to treat gingival recessions. During the procedure, a small piece of tissue is taken from another area of the mouth, typically the palate, and transplanted to the affected site. This allows the gum tissue to regenerate and cover the exposed root surface.

Pinhole Surgical Technique

The pinhole surgical technique is a minimally invasive alternative to traditional gum grafting. It involves making a small hole in the gum tissue near the recession site and gently repositioning the tissue to cover the exposed root surface. This technique does not require the use of sutures and offers a quicker recovery time compared to traditional grafting methods.

Guided Tissue Regeneration

Guided tissue regeneration is a procedure that utilizes barrier membranes to promote the growth of new gum tissue. During the procedure, a membrane is placed between the gum tissue and the root surface, creating a protected environment for gum regeneration. This technique is often combined with other surgical methods to enhance the outcome of the treatment.


Gingival recessions are a common dental condition that should not be ignored. If left untreated, they can lead to various dental problems and aesthetic concerns. However, modern dentistry offers minimally invasive treatment options that can effectively restore the gum tissue and improve both function and appearance. It is essential to consult with a dental professional to determine the most suitable treatment approach for individual cases.

FAQs about Minimally Invasive Treatment of Gingival Recessions

1. How long does the recovery take after gingival grafting?

Recovery time can vary depending on the individual and the extent of the procedure. Generally, it takes about two to three weeks for the gum tissue to heal fully.

2. Is the pinhole surgical technique painful?

The pinhole surgical technique is minimally invasive and typically causes minimal discomfort. Local anesthesia is used to ensure a pain-free experience during the procedure.

3. Can guided tissue regeneration be used alone to treat gingival recessions?

Guided tissue regeneration is often combined with other surgical methods to achieve optimal results. It provides a supportive environment for gum tissue regeneration but may not be sufficient as a standalone treatment for extensive recessions.

4. Can gum recession be reversed without surgery?

In some cases, non-surgical approaches such as improved oral hygiene practices and professional cleanings can slow or halt the progression of gingival recession. However, surgical intervention may be necessary to restore the gum tissue and cover the exposed root surface.

5. Is gum recession preventable?

While some factors contributing to gum recession, such as genetics and hormonal changes, may be beyond control, practicing good oral hygiene, using a soft toothbrush, and maintaining regular dental check-ups can help prevent or minimize the risk of gingival recessions.

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