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Duration: 48 minutes, 30 seconds

Author: Dr. Stefan Paul

Provisional Restoration: The Overlooked Link to Aesthetic and Functional Perfection


Provisional restorations play a crucial role in achieving both aesthetic and functional perfection in dental procedures. While they are often seen as temporary solutions, their impact on the final outcome should not be underestimated. This article will explore the various types of provisional restorations and the role they play in ensuring successful treatment outcomes.

Types of Indirect Provisional Restorations

Indirect provisional restorations offer a more durable and esthetically pleasing option compared to direct provisionals. There are several types of indirect provisional restorations:

1. Eggshell Type Restoration

These restorations are thin veneers made from tooth-colored materials such as composite or porcelain. They are custom-made to mimic the shape and color of the natural teeth.

2. Cast Metal Framework

Cast metal frameworks are created using metal alloys, providing excellent strength and stability. They are particularly suitable for cases with extensive tooth loss.

3. Glass Fiber Framework

Glass fiber frameworks offer a lightweight alternative to metal frameworks. They provide good esthetics and are more flexible, making them ideal for cases requiring minimal occlusal adjustment.

Direct Provisional Restorations

Direct provisional restorations are created chairside, using pre-formed crowns that are adjusted to fit the patient’s teeth. This method offers convenience and saves time. There are various options available:

1. Pre-Formed Crowns

These crowns come in different sizes and are made from a variety of materials such as stainless steel or polycarbonate. They can be easily trimmed and shaped to achieve the desired fit and occlusion.

Materials for Chairside Provisionals

When creating chairside provisionals, it is crucial to choose the right material that offers both esthetics and durability. Two common materials used are D methyl methacrylates (DMAs) and polymethyl methacrylates (PMMA).

1. D Methyl Methacrylates (DMAs)

DMAs are popular due to their ease of use and ability to provide satisfactory esthetics. They are available in various shades to match the patient’s natural teeth.

2. Polymethyl Methacrylates (PMMA)

PMMA resin is widely used for chairside provisionals due to its durability and stability. It can withstand forces during mastication and provides excellent marginal adaptation.

Choosing the Right Temporary Cement

The choice of temporary cement plays a crucial role in the success of temporarization. The cement should provide adequate retention and strength, while also allowing for easy removal when necessary. There are two main options:

1. Non-Zinc Oxy Eugenol Containing Temporary Cements

These cements offer good mechanical properties and ease of removal. They are suitable for short-term provisional restorations.

2. Ox Zinc Eugenol Containing Temporary Cements

Ox zinc eugenol cement provides excellent retention and long-term stability. It is commonly used for long-term provisionals or cases requiring extended temporization.


Provisional restorations are indispensable in achieving both aesthetic and functional perfection in dental procedures. They serve as a final trial of the treatment plan and allow for adjustments before the placement of the permanent restorations. By understanding the different types of provisionals and choosing the right materials and cements, dental professionals can ensure successful treatment outcomes for their patients.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are provisional restorations necessary?

Yes, provisional restorations are crucial in dental procedures as they provide patients with a preview of their final restoration and allow for adjustments if needed.

2. How long do provisional restorations last?

The lifespan of provisional restorations varies depending on the materials used and the patient’s oral hygiene. Generally, they can last from a few weeks to several months.

3. Can provisional restorations affect the final outcome of the treatment?

Absolutely! Provisional restorations allow for thorough evaluation of the aesthetics and function before the placement of permanent restorations, ensuring a successful treatment outcome.

4. Can I eat normally with provisional restorations?

Provisional restorations are designed to withstand normal eating and chewing forces. However, it is essential to avoid biting hard objects or foods that can potentially damage them.

5. Can provisional restorations be made to look natural?

Yes, provisional restorations can be customized to mimic the natural teeth’s shape, color, and texture, providing patients with a natural-looking smile during the treatment process.

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