Duration: 33 minutes, 31 seconds

Author: Karima Bapoo-Mohamed

AZ of Dental Hygiene Part 07: Periodontal Link with Systemic Disease Introduction: The link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases is a topic that is gaining more evidence and importance in dental hygiene. The mouth is considered a mirror of overall health and can serve as an early warning system for other diseases. In this article, we will explore the various associations that periodontal disease has with different systemic diseases. I. Periodontal Disease as an Early Warning System A. The mouth reflects overall health B. Connection between oral health and systemic diseases II. Associations with Respiratory Diseases A. Pneumonia B. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) C. Asthma III. Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes A. Preterm birth B. Low birth weight C. Gestational diabetes D. Preeclampsia IV. Cardiovascular Diseases A. Atherosclerosis B. Coronary artery disease C. Stroke D. Endocarditis V. Chronic Diseases A. Diabetes B. Rheumatoid arthritis C. Chronic kidney disease D. Liver disease VI. Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome A. Association between obesity and periodontal disease B. Shared inflammatory pathways VII. Osteoporosis A. Bone loss and tooth loss correlation B. Effect of osteoporosis medications on oral health VIII. Rheumatoid Arthritis A. Bidirectional relationship between rheumatoid arthritis and periodontitis B. Shared inflammatory pathways IX. Diabetes Severity A. Poor glycemic control and periodontal disease B. Impact of periodontal treatment on diabetes management X. Genetic Predisposition A. Role of genetic factors in periodontal disease susceptibility B. Understanding the genetic links to systemic diseases XI. Ongoing Investigation A. Links between periodontal disease and neurodegenerative diseases B. Complications with solid organ transplants C. Peripheral vascular diseases XII. Mechanisms of Periodontal-Systemic Disease Connection A. Inflammatory pathways B. Gram-negative bacteria and systemic damage C. Spreading through the vasculature Conclusion: Periodontal disease is not limited to local tissue destruction; it has inflammatory pathways that connect it to systemic damage through gram-negative bacteria spreading through the vasculature. The associations between periodontal disease and systemic diseases continue to be explored, with ongoing investigations into the links with neurodegenerative diseases, peripheral vascular diseases, and complications with solid organ transplants. It is crucial for dental hygienists to understand these connections and emphasize the importance of oral health for overall well-being. FAQs: 1. Can periodontal disease really affect other parts of the body? – Yes, periodontal disease has been linked to various systemic diseases due to shared inflammatory pathways and bacterial spread. 2. How can periodontal disease impact pregnancy outcomes? – Periodontal disease has been associated with preterm birth, low birth weight, gestational diabetes, and preeclampsia. 3. Is there a connection between periodontal disease and cardiovascular diseases? – Yes, periodontal disease has been linked to atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, stroke, and endocarditis. 4. Can periodontal disease worsen the severity of diabetes? – Poor glycemic control is associated with periodontal disease, and treating periodontal disease can help improve diabetes management. 5. Are there genetic factors that contribute to periodontal disease and its associations with systemic diseases? – Yes, genetic predisposition plays a role in periodontal disease susceptibility and links to systemic diseases are being researched.

Add comment