Duration: 59 minutes, 25 seconds

Author: Karima Bapoo-Mohamed

AZ of Dental Hygiene Part 03: Oral Pathology and Clinical Manifestations Introduction – Definition of oral pathology and its importance – The role of dental hygienists in the diagnosis and referral of oral pathology lesions Understanding Oral Pathology – Definition of oral pathology and its scope – Diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region – Common oral pathology conditions and their clinical manifestations – Oral cancer – Oral ulcers – Oral infections – Oral lesions The Impact of Oral Cancer – Statistics on oral cancer survival rate – Lack of improvement in oral cancer survival rate over the past 30 years – Importance of early detection and treatment – Contributing factors to oral cancer – Tobacco and alcohol use – Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection The Role of Dental Hygienists – Importance of dental hygienists in oral pathology diagnosis – Significance of regular oral examinations – Identification of suspicious oral lesions – Proper referral procedures to oral pathology specialists Diagnosing Oral Pathology – Techniques for diagnosing oral pathology – Visual examination – Biopsy – Imaging techniques (X-rays, CT scans, MRI) – Collaboration with other healthcare professionals – Oncologists – Oral surgeons – Pathologists Treatment and Management of Oral Pathology – Treatment options for various oral pathology conditions – Surgical intervention – Medical management – Radiation therapy – Importance of early intervention to improve prognosis Prevention and Patient Education – Promoting oral health and regular dental visits – Educating patients about the signs and symptoms of oral pathology – Encouraging tobacco cessation and healthy lifestyle choices Conclusion In conclusion, oral pathology is a crucial field in dentistry that involves the identification and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region. Dental hygienists play a significant role in the diagnosis and referral of oral pathology lesions, contributing to the early detection and treatment of conditions like oral cancer. Early intervention and regular oral examinations are vital in improving the survival rate of oral cancer and other oral pathology conditions. FAQs 1. Are oral cancer rates increasing? – No, oral cancer rates have remained relatively stable over the past few decades. 2. Can dental hygienists perform biopsies? – No, dental hygienists are not authorized to perform biopsies. They can, however, identify suspicious lesions and refer patients to specialists for further diagnosis. 3. How can I reduce my risk of oral cancer? – You can reduce your risk of oral cancer by avoiding tobacco and alcohol use, practicing good oral hygiene, and getting regular dental check-ups. 4. What are the symptoms of oral cancer? – The symptoms of oral cancer may include persistent mouth sores, difficulty swallowing or speaking, a lump or thickening in the mouth, and unexplained bleeding. 5. Can oral cancer be cured? – Oral cancer can be cured, especially when detected early. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, and medical management. Note: This article has been created using HTML language and includes appropriate heading tags (H2, H3, H4). The headings and subheadings have been bolded for emphasis.

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